One evening but two very different aspects: the world premiere of NYman With A Movie Camera, Michael Nyman’s shot-by-shot update of Dziga Vertov’s groundbreaking 1929 mash-up film, Man With A Movie Camera, with Nyman’s score — composed for both films — played live by the 66-year-old and his 11-strong mini-orchestra. Nyman’s film said little but the aural-visual experience was senses-stretching.
Before that, Nyman and band were joined by singer David McAlmont to perform their inspired The Glare album, where McAlmont wrote and sang lyrics based on news stories, with existing Nyman pieces as backdrops. Magically sung, impeccably played, the collaboration was as absorbing on the thunderous throb of Friendly Fire as both the slower, wounded In Laos and the peek into Susan Boyle’s inner hell that is The Glare itself.
But this was a missed opportunity. Nyman was an island, silent and playing piano with his back to the audience throughout.
Worse, for all his charismatic delivery and the utter joy of A Great Day In Kathmandu, McAlmont was also mute between songs, leaving only awkward poses and no hint of what crime the Somali seemingly being extradited to the United States in Going To America had purportedly committed or what the apparent refugee in Fever Sticks And Bones was fleeing from and why. Surely I wasn’t the only one whose curiosity had been aroused…
The composer Michael Nyman explains the thinking behind his latest film, and reminisces about the parties held by a Frieze founder’s dad.
Michael Nyman is a composer of minimalist music as well as a film-maker and photographer. His work includes the score for Jane Campion’s film “The Piano”, Peter Greenaway’s films “The Draughtsman’s Contract” and “The Cook, the Thief, His Wife, And Her Lover”, and the operas “The Man Who Mistook His Wife For a Hat” and “Facing Goya”. He formed the Michael Nyman Band in 1976.
On October 27, as part of the 8th annual Lucie Awards, Michael Nyman will be the inaugural recipient of the Double Exposure Award – a new award that celebrates individuals who have achieved success in a number of fields, including photography. The ceremony will take place in New York City at Lincoln Center’s Alice Tully Hall.
The Lucie Awards, produced by the Lucie Foundation, (a non-profit, charitable foundation), honor the achievements of the world’s finest photographers, discover emerging talent through the International Photography Awards and promote the appreciation of photography worldwide.
Other honorees include Tina Barney (Achievement in Portraiture Award), Howard Bingham (Achievement in Photojournalism), James Drake (Achievement in Sports), Graciela Iturbide (Achievement in Fine Art), Lee Tanner (Achievement in Documentary Photography Award), The Center for Photography at Woodstock will receive The Spotlight Award and The Eddie Adams Workshop will be presented with The Visionary Award.
More information: www.lucieawards.com
MICHAEL NYMAN – COMPOSER IN PROGRESS
A portrait by SILVIA BECK, featuring STEVE REICH and VOLKER SCHLÖNDORFF
26th Warsaw International Film Festival Official Selection
Flanders Film Festival Ghent 2010 Official Selection
47th Taipei Golden Horse Film Festival Official Selection
This film is about a very special moment in the famous composer’s artistic life. Composing with innovative minimalism for films as memorable as “The Draughtsman’s Contract”, “The Ogre”, “Man on Wire”, and most famously for Campion’s “The Piano”, he has reached an international audience. But now, Michael Nyman is about to become a filmmaker himself. Featuring unprecedented access to the composer and his working life, this film shows one of the great composers of our time in all his diversity and endless energy. From London to Berlin, in Mexico, Poland, the Netherlands and Portugal this film is also a journey through the musical world today. It shows Michael Nyman, the musician, in his concerts with The Michael Nyman Band and live collaborations with other internationally known musicians or orchestras. But throughout his journeys, this film discovers Nyman’s increasing passion for filming and photography. Witnessing the development of Nyman’s visual works from the very first moment of inspiration, this film gives a unique insight into Michael Nyman’s very personal views, his thoughts and emotions; his world.
The composer who coined the term for a musical genre knows a little goes a long way.
Michael Nyman is sitting in his living room when I call. As he speaks, the composer probably still best known for his film soundtracks (The Piano, Gattaca, the scores he wrote for Peter Greenaway), is surrounded by his Alvar Aalto chairs and table, and photographs of his children on top of his grand piano. There are other pictures too, lined along the floor, pictures that he admits should really be on the wall. Is he not tidy by nature then? “Theoretically yes. Practically not.”
It’s very tempting to take this metaphor and run with it. To take this offhand conversational comment from the flow of Nyman’s brusquely framed yet loquacious answers and apply it to the music he makes; music that goes by the name of minimalism, music that could be said to be “tidy” – with its limited palette, its love of elegant variations on repetitious patterns – but only in a theoretical way too.
Sometimes it’s only the tidiness that’s heard. When it comes to minimalism, the same words recur again and again when critics try to sum it up – “rhythmic”, “insistent”, “steady”, “hypnotic”, “patterned”, and, yes, “repetitive”.
Sometimes even “simple”. Its detractors would go further: the composer Harrison Birtwhistle – clearly not a fan – once opted for “simple-minded”.
But none of this is quite enough. It doesn’t explain the variety and versatility of the form, which offers a home for serious contemporary musicians and adventurous pop stars (everyone from Brian Eno to the Velvet Underground), allows its practitioners to write film scores, operas and, in Nyman’s case, have their work adapted – by singer David McAlmont – into pop songs (the duo will perform a gorgeous song suite entitled The Glare in the City Halls during Glasgow’s Minimal weekend).
So today I want to ask Nyman for his own definition of the word minimalism. He seems the perfect person to ask. After all, he’s one of the few composers who is still happy to be called a minimalist composer: “As an ex-historian, it would be absolutely futile of me to deny that what I do doesn’t originate in the principles that I first saw in Terry Reilly and [his work] In C in 1968 when we played it with the Scratch Orchestra.”
More than that, though, it’s Nyman who’s given credit with coining the term. Back in the late 1960s, he was the music critic of The Spectator, a surprisingly open-minded assignment at the time that allowed him to write about anything that crossed his path. Rock, pop, classical, contemporary. One week saw him writing about the Fugs at the Roundhouse in London, Peter Maxwell Davies’s Eight Songs For A Mad King and Cornelius Cardew’s The Great Learning Paragraph One at the Wigmore, which was, Nyman recalls now, “very desaturated” and with “very, very little going on”.
He found that “very, very little” rather refreshing and mentioned “minimalism” in his review, a word echoed in the headline. And so a form of music was born. Or at least named. By accident. “The original use of the word was not to create a category but just to describe a purely physical phenomenon of a piece of music that was very uncomplicated.”
He was aware of the idea of minimal art in the US, but it wasn’t until he met Steve Reich in 1970 that the association between the concept and the music that was then emerging in New York became more concrete. It was Reich himself who argued that his own work – and that of Philip Glass, La Monte Young and Reilly – could be seen as sympathetic (“he subsequently regretted that,” Nyman points out). After meeting and befriending the American composer, in the early 1970s Nyman became a proselytiser for the musical form that by now was known as minimalism, promoting it in his writing and promoting it in concert.
He even wrote a book entitled Experimental Music, published in 1974. A year earlier he had gone on Radio 3 to give his definition of minimalism (yes, finally, we’ve got there) “and my definition was ‘a little amount of material going on for a long time’, which I guess was still permissible.”
Of course when he returned to writing music in 1976 he “twisted minimalist principles to my own personal ends and kind of contradicted a lot of the things that I laid down as the holy grail of minimalism”. A lot of his choices, he says, went against the grain “and sometimes relate more, maybe, to the Beatles than to La Monte Young. But that’s just the way I do things.”
That way of doing things included taking musical motifs from Purcell and Mozart and reconstituting them into whole pieces. In the same way as Steve Reich looped and phased tape recordings of a Pentecostal preacher called Brother Walter for It’s Gonna Rain, Nyman was effectively “sampling” Mozart on In Re Don Giovanni, which builds around a 16-bar phrase from Mozart’s opera. “It’s sampling and a remix,” suggests Nyman. “I think I was possibly the first composer to sample and remix composed music. And long before Byrne and Eno worked together.”
There’s a difference, Nyman claims, between the original American minimalists and their British followers. He reckons his work is inevitably more “domesticated” than their American counterparts. “My music is definitely coming out of that very British minimalist cultural scene which is less heavy-duty, less hard-edged, less – as I said in 1970 – abstract and chromium-plated than the American brand at that time.”
Such delicate differences are rarely registered by minimalism’s critics. The label is enough for some to write off what it’s applied to, says Nyman. “But just as there are great baroque concertos by Bach and Handel and, to a lesser extent, by Vivaldi and Corelli, and there are really shitty, routine baroque concertos that go through the same set of motions, you don’t dismiss the whole of the baroque concert or repertoire.”
But if you want to make broad, sweeping summaries, you could maybe argue that minimalism makes sense in – and possibly makes sense of – the modern world. In his fine book The Rest Is Noise, music critic Alex Ross quotes cultural commentator Robert Fink’s notion that it “often mimics the sped-up, numbed-out repetition of consumer culture, the incessant iteration of commercial jingles on TV”, but also delivers “a kind of silent critique of the world as it is”.
There is a lot in this. Much of Glass’s work, for example, feels contemporary in the same way as William Gibson’s novels, urban R&B and HBO drama serials.
But that is by no means minimalism’s only pleasure. Forced to choose a favourite piece of Nyman’s, I would opt for his bruised, brooding score for Michael Winterbottom’s otherwise slightly desiccated film Wonderland. It doesn’t need the input of David McAlmont’s soulful voice for its aching romanticism to be all too evident to the ear. And it’s a rebuff to anyone who would argue that minimalism is cold and emotionally distant.
In the end, this is already a moot point. The fact is that minimalism has already won the culture war when it comes to contemporary music. As Nyman points out, the American brand, at least, “has basically succeeded in taking over the world”.
Minimalism has become maximalist in its impact – something that Nyman couldn’t have imagined when he was promoting it to all too few 40 years ago. “When I went on tour and performed [Reich’s] Drumming for the first time in Berlin,” Nyman recalls, “there was no sense that this was anything other than a kind of music local to downtown New York and the only fan-base was us. A concert we did in a big sports hall in Pamplona in northern Spain was met with hysterics and bewilderment and shouting.
“And yet those guys and the rest of us persisted in writing the music we want to write and, in the process, in addition to satisfying ourselves, this is the only music that is listened to by a whole generation of listeners who are maybe more familiar with rock music and pop music and world music. The last thing in the world they want to do is go to a Harrison Birtwhistle concert. And if they reject Harry – and he’s the best of the bunch for me – then there’s a whole dimension of music that is unavailable to this very intelligent audience.”
Is that a happy ending? For some of us, yes. And a handily tidy one. Repeat (and repeat) to fade ...
The Michael Nyman Band and David McAlmont play Glasgow’s City Halls on October 16. Nyman can be heard in conversation at the same venue at 6.30pm.